Bogotá is located on the west side of the Savannah of Bogotá (Sabana de Bogotá), 2640 meters (8660’) above sea level. Although it is located in what is popularly called the "sabana", literally meaning "savannah", the geographical site is actually a high plateau in the Andes mountains. The extended region is also known as "Altiplano Cundiboyacense" which means "high plateau of Cundinamarca and Boyacá".


The Bogotá River crosses the "sabana", forming Tequendama Falls (Salto de Tequendama) to the south. Tributary rivers have formed valleys with flourishing villages, whose economy is based on agriculture, livestock raising and artisanal production.


The "sabana" is bordered to the east by the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes mountain range. Surrounding hills, which limit city growth, run from south to north, parallel to the Guadalupe and Monserrate mountains. The western city limit is the Bogotá River. The Sumapaz Paramo (moorland) borders the south, and to the north Bogotá extends over the plateau up to the towns of Chia and Sopó.